Menstrual Cycle and Mood Swings

Menstrual cycle is counted from first day of one period to first day of the next. Very first day, woman experience high bleeding throughout 4-5 days. Blood flow depends on the body mechanism and varies in various women. Typical menstrual cycle is based on 24-35 days is consider as normative. If it is shorter or longer than normal then would be issues that need to be addressed with care.

Women experience mood swings during menstrual cycle. It happens due to fluctuating of hormones. Hormones fluctuations impact the brain’s serotonin level and women experience high instability in mood. In menstrual cycle hormones plays vital role in terms of mood swings and other symptoms like fatigue, headache, cramps etc but it can seriously affect the mood. Women experience emotional withdrawal at severity level.

Menstrual Cycle and Mood Swings

When menstrual cycle starts the hormone called “estrogens “take a woman for roller-coaster ride. When a female starts bleeding estrogen rises slowly just before menstruation hits, after bleeding it drops suddenly. When menses starts estrogen hormone activated as a result severity in mood and emotional instability. Slow mood swings vary from women to women. At the end of the period it increases once again

.Dr. Dweck stated that progesterone is another hormone affecting mood swing; it drops significantly when a period starts. When menses occur progesterone level are too high which can cause feeling of dryness, sadness and also hopeless.

It is clear that mood swings are directly related to the functioning of hormones. When it functions normally the result in normal stable mood but when periods occur the hormones fluctuates it can affect the mood swings seriously. It is better to understand about which hormones plays vital role in mood swings. Take a look on each hormone.

Estrogen and mood

As I have explained above that when menstruation occur the estrogen hormone rises slowly and reach at peak at the end of the periods as result a woman feel anger, depression, sadness and hopelessness. When estrogen secretion is slow the woman experience following symptoms of mood are as follows:

Estrogen and mood

  • Foggy mind
  • Hot flashes
  • Depression
  • Memory lapses
  • Headaches
  • Sleep problems
  • Bone loss

Just as low estrogen levels can wreak havoc with system, it is believe that estrogen has dominance can cause many other symptoms as well and cause imbalance of other hormones too. Now I am explaining the symptoms when estrogen level is too high at the end of periods below:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Breast tenderness
  • Abdomen bloating
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Progesterone

Progesterone and mood

Progesterone level rises in the second half of the menstrual cycle. The basic role of progesterone is to thickening the lining of uterus each month. Progesterone hormones plays vital role in reproduction too. On the first day of period the level of progesterone is too low. Low progesterone level in the body showing symptoms are as follows:

Progesterone and mood

  • Headache
  • Migraine
  • Hot fleshes
  • Restlessness
  • Breast tenderness
  • Fatigue
  • Heavy bleeding

Serotonin and mood

When progesterone level is low in menstrual cycle then it is obvious that serotonin level is low as well. The secretion of low serotonin level can result in anxiety and depression. Dr Dweck stated that serotonin drops when periods starts, due to fluctuation of hormones the symptoms may occur that is associated with depression, intensive cravings for carbohydrate.

Serotonin and mood

Things to be noticed:

When estrogen level drops it causes low serotonin a few days before menstruation, which may be the basis of many PMS symptoms. Low level of serotonin cause panic attacks, obsessive compulsive disorder emotional distress and psychological pain.”

At the first day of periods serotonin level rises slowly as a result in

  • Sadness
  • Overwhelmed
  • Hate
  • Impatient
  • Hopelessness

Above description of hormones that are associated with chemical imbalance but other factors are also included that can cause mood swings during periods.

Risk factors that are involve:

  • Psychological
  • Behavioral
  • Health related factors
  • Psychological factors

Past experiences and current psychological health plays a vital role in mood swings during periods as I already explained about the hormones fluctuation so I believe that due to the fluctuation mood affects but if any psychological trauma or stress present then it would be more miserable condition related mood swings. The woman will experience heavy mood jerks and rollercoaster symptom that affect her daily routine and mental state.

Psychological health is very important for woman during periods. If she is experiencing any relationship issues, stress, marital conflicts, loneliness and isolation .these factors are also directly affect the mood swings. Woman often face continuously crying, loss of appetite and weight loss. Due to these factors medical health also affected due to psychological defects it may lead to chronic illness. Loneliness and isolations are very common factors that cause mood swings it can also contribute to specific personality traits, for example low self esteem and pessimism.

  • Psychological risk factors are as follows:
  • Past trauma or stress
  • Chronic psychological illness
  • Relationship issues
  • Marital conflicts
  • Depression
  • Loneliness
  • Isolation
  • Personality traits

Behavioral Factors

Mood swings can also be provoked by behavioral and environmental phenomenon. For better understanding lets discuss it. Behaviors are more likely to involve in our daily life. But if we are facing behavioral defects it may lead to severe mood swings during periods. Behavioral risk factors are as follows:

Behavioral Factors

  • Smoking
  • No exercise
  • Low diet
  • Abnormal sleep pattern
  • Drugs addiction
  • Environmental factors are as follows:
  • Family separation
  • Greif/death of loved one
  • Illness
  • Maladjustment
  • Professional and occupational issues

Health related factors

Health related factors plays important role during periods and affect mood. I will highlight some of the health related factors that affects mood swings during periods:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid diseases
  • Heart disease
  • Sleep disorders
  • ADHD
  • Cancer

Basically this article is about mood swing during periods. This article is simple to understand about the cause and factors that affects mood. There is some chemical imbalance, behavioral factors, environmental factors and health related factors.

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